Uveitis

A Serious Eye Problem That Needs Prompt Treatment (Sun light stop by hand to eye)

What is Uveitis?
Eye problems often are not serious. But some, like Uveitis, can be. Uveitis is an inflammation of he uvea. This fragile tissue lies just behind the sclera (the white outer layer of the eye). Uveitis requires prompt treatment by an eye doctor. Without and treatment care, Uveitis can damage vision. 

How is your eye Affected?
Uveitis most often inflames the iris (iritis). Since the iris opens and closes the pupil (the hole through which you see) any inflammation of which can cause pain and sensitivity to light. Often the eye gets red. Vision may become blurred, or you may see spots floating in your eye. Uveitis can affect one or both eyes. Untreated, it can worsen and lead to more severe eye diseases, such as glaucoma or cataracts, or even loss of vision

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How is Uveitis Diagnosed?
Uveitis may be related to an inflammation or disease elsewhere in the body. Your eye doctor will discuss your health history and examine you to help diagnose and treat your condition.

Taking your health history
It’s not always possible to find the cause of Uveitis. But you can help by telling your eye doctor as much as you can about your symptoms. Let your doctor know if anyone in your family has had Uveitis and if you have or have recently had any of the following: 

  • A virus or other infection
  • A chronic condition or allergy
  • A joint disease, such as arthritis, or stiffness in your back
  • An injury, chemical burn, or object in your eye
  • A sexually transmitted disease
  • A parasite or fungal infection

Examining your eyes

 width=Your eye doctor dilates, or enlarges, your pupil with eyedrops to relax your pupils increases your sensitivity to light, so you may need to wear sunglasses for a few days. Your eye doctor may give you eyedrops, ointments, or oral medications to reduce swelling. Be sure you understand how to use these medications. Ask about any possible side effects. In some cases, your eye doctor may also give you medication by injection. The pain and sensitivity to light usually go away within a few days. 

How is Uveitis treated?
Your eye doctor will prescribe medication to relieve your pain and other symptoms. He or she may also treat the condition that’s causing your Uveitis, if known, or refer you to another medical specialist.

Relieving the symptoms
 width=Your eye doctor dilates, or enlarges, your pupil with eyedrops to relax your pupils increases your sensitivity to light, so you may need to wear sunglasses for a few days. Your eye doctor may give you eyedrops, ointments, or oral medications to reduce swelling. Be sure you understand how to use these medications. Ask about any possible side effects. In some cases, your eye doctor may also give you medication by injection. The pain and sensitivity to light usually go away within a few days.

Treating the underlying cause
Often the cause of Uveitis isn’t known, and your eye doctor can only treat the symptoms. If the cause is known, treatment will depend on the underlying condition. Your eye doctor may refer you to your primary care doctor or another specialist for evaluation and treatment.

If Uveitis recurs
Uveitis can recur without warning. With each attack, the chance of having another attack increases. Keep your medication on hand and call your eye doctor at the first sign of symptoms. Prompt treatment can help prevent permanent damage to your eye

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